• The noble Quran
The polytheists of the Quraysh gathered to consult each other on a strategy to prevent Prophet Muhammad from inviting people to Islam, especially as the Hajj (pilgrimage) season was nearing, and the Prophet would surely call people to embrace Islam during it. They agreed on warning people against listening to the Prophet . Among the pilgrims was At-Tufayl ibn ‘Amr Ad-Dawsi, the chief of the tribe of Daws. The polytheists warned him about listening to the Prophet and claimed that he was a sorcerer and a poet, so At-Tufayl put pieces of cotton in his ears so that he would not be able to listen to the Prophet .
Once, At-Tufayl went to the Ka‘bah and found the Prophet praying and reciting the Quran and Allah The Almighty willed that At-Tufayl listened to him. When he listened, he knew that what he had listened to was neither poetry nor magic, as At-Tufayl was a poet himself. Thus, when the Prophet finished his prayer, At-Tufayl followed him home and told him what the polytheists had said. Then he asked the Prophet to explain Islam to him. When he heard the Da‘wah (call) of Islam, he believed in Allah The Almighty, His Messenger and the Book he was sent with. The reversion of Tufayl was one of the blessings of the Quran. After this, he went to his tribe and invited them to Islam.
The noble Quran is the Speech of Allah The Almighty and the eternal miracle of His Prophet Muhammad . Allah The Almighty sent it down to the people of rhetoric and challenged them to compose one Soorah (Chapter) or even one verse like it, but they were unable to do so. The Quran is the firm Rope of Allah The Almighty, and whoever adheres to it will be saved by it; whoever follows it will be guided to the right path.
• The splitting of the moon
Imam Al-Bukhari and Imam Muslim both, narrated that Abu Jahl, Al-Waleed ibn Al-Mugheerah, Al-‘Aas ibn Waa’il and a large number of the polytheists from the Quraysh went to the Prophet and said, “O Muhammad! If you are truthful in what you say, then split the moon for us into two pieces.” The Prophet invoked Allah The Almighty to split the moon and Allah The Almighty answered his invocation. The moon split and people saw it and the Prophet made them bear witness [to that], but they disbelieved. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
• Al-Israa’ and Al-Mi‘raj (The Prophetic Journey and the Ascension)
When the polytheists intensified the harm they had inflicted on the Prophet Allah The Almighty wanted to relieve his pains and bring him closer, so the journey of Al-Israa’ and Al-Mi‘raj took place. Jibreel went to the Prophet with Al-Buraq (a riding mount). The Prophet mounted it and he was taken from Al-Masjid Al-Haram to Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa where he led all the Prophets in prayer, then he was taken to the upper heavens. During this journey, prayer was ordained, and the Prophet returned to Makkah on the same night.
• Increasing small amounts of food
During the Battle of the Trench, the polytheists besieged Madeenah, and the Prophet and his Companions were digging a trench around Al-Madeenah in order to prevent the polytheists from entering it. The Muslims ran out of food and they were starving. Jabir wanted to provide the Prophet and his Companions with food, but he had a small amount of barley and a small sheep.
Thus, Jabir went to the Prophet and invited him along with a small number of the Companions but the Prophet called out loudly: “O people! Jaabir has made food for you, so let us go!” The Prophet ordered Jabir to wait for him before he prepared the food, and when he arrived there, he blessed the food. The Companions entered in groups until they all ate and the food remained the same. Jabir said, “By Allah! The fighters were one thousand on that day.” [Al-Bukhari]
• The trunk of a palm tree longs for the Prophet
The Prophet used to deliver his Khutbah (sermon) while standing beside the trunk of a date palm tree. When the Companions made a pulpit for him, he left the trunk and stood on the pulpit. The Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, heard a sound that was similar to the sound of a she-camel. The Prophet knew that it was the trunk weeping for having been separated from him. He went to it and placed his hand over it, so it calmed down. [Ahmad and At-Tirmithi]